Financial Reporting – Corporate Governance


Corporate Governance

Let’s start with some more recapping from last time:

  • The gearing ratio measures what proportion of a business is funded by borrowing
  • Depreciation does not count as a cash expense
  • Current assets are usually only held during one operating cycle, so they are expected to be sold within a year Read more of this post

Financial Reporting – (More) Financial Statement Analysis


More Financial Statement Analysis

Let’s start with some recapping from the last section.

  • Let’s say that a company’s average debtor payback time in 2008 was 62 days, and in 2009 was 31 days. A possible reason for this is that the company has improved their credit control procedures, meaning they now collect their debts more quickly. Read more of this post

Financial Reporting – Financial Statement Analysis


Financial Statement Analysis

Who is interested in analysing a financial statement?

Read more of this post

Financial Reporting – Cash Flow Statement


Cash Flow Statement

What’s the difference between cash and profit? Ok yeah, you know the answer, but could you actually say it in an exam question type way? Read more of this post

Financial Reporting – Market/Book Values


Market/Book Values

Quick example

Some things that are identical have different values.

An empty tin of dog food is worth about $0.10. An empty tin of Paris Hilton’s dog food went on ebay for $305.

I think the message here is that most people are crazy, but there is probably some sort of deeper meaning too. If you manage to work out what it is, please let me know. Read more of this post

Financial Reporting – Income Statement Part 2


Income Statement Part 2

Measuring profit in the income statement

  • The income statement measures the profit generated by the business over a period
  • The previous section showed that it isn’t always easy as we have to apply our own judgement a lot, like what method of depreciation to use Read more of this post

Financial Reporting – Income Statements Part 1


Income Statements Part 1

Some quick concepts / refreshers

  • Trade receivables are an asset. A trade receivable is money owed to the company for goods that have been bought from them on credit.
  • Capital is a claim on the business, as it represents the investment the owner had made in it. Read more of this post

Financial Reporting – Balance Sheet Part 2


Balance Sheets Part 2

Note: This post follows Balance Sheets 1 so read that if you haven’t already.

Some quick concepts / refreshers

  • The balance sheet is a statement of financial position at the time it is made
  • The cash flow statement measures movement of cash over time Read more of this post

Financial Reporting – Balance Sheets Part 1


Balance Sheets Part 1

The major types of financial statement

3 types:

  • Cash flow statement
  • Income statement
  • Balance sheet

Read more of this post

Financial Reporting – Intro and Business Types


Fundamentals of Financial Reporting

Introduction to Accounting

The main users of financial information relating to a business

  • Owners
  • Customers
  • Competitors
  • Employees (and unions)
  • Government
  • Community reps
  • Investment analysts
  • Suppliers
  • Lenders (Banks)
  • Managers Read more of this post